Blacks in Low Income Environments and Health And Obesity there compared to Suburbs.

Literature Review Resources

NumberArticle InformationAdded to RefWorks? Y or N (optional) 
ReferenceCorral, I., Landrine, H., Hall, M. B., Bess, J. J., Mills, K. R., & Efird, J. T. (2015). Residential segregation and overweight/obesity among African-American adults: a critical review. Frontiers in public health3, 169.
AnnotationThe article indicates that the prevalence of overweight and obesity is high among the Americans, especially the African-America. An example to show this indicates that the prevalence of obesity/overweight among the African-Americans is 44% more than that of the White women. Racial disparities in socioeconomic status and in health behaviors contribute to racial disparities in body weight and African-American cultural variable. The relationship between residential segregation and overweight/obesity among the African-America adults need to be established. The article points to the fact that segregation contributes to overweight and obesity among African-American adult. Low-SES neighborhoods usually have obese environments that contribute to overweight and to have obesity among their residents irrespective of resident race-ethnicity. The findings indicate that residing in a segregated African-American neighborhood might lead to overweight and obesity among African-American which might explain the reasons for racial disparities in body weight that overcome low-SES.
ReferenceLi, Y., Robinson, L. E., Carter, W. M., & Gupta, R. (2015). Childhood obesity and community food environments in Alabama’s Black Belt region. Child: care, health and development41(5), 668-676.
AnnotationThis article focused on establishing childhood obesity and community food environments. The article noted that childhood obesity is continuously on the rise in the USA. The prevalence rate is indicated to be much higher among those in lower socioeconomic status and racial/ethnicity minority group. Research carried out in Alabama notes that almost half of the children in rural African American families are overweight or obese. The article highlights that the position raised in several other articles where the children’s eating behavior and weigh could be influenced by surrounding food environments. From the analysis of the findings indicated that children’s weight is influenced by community food environments, socio-demographic factors and school context. The article is thereby influential in this research as it points out to the environment factors play in a key role in obesity-related behaviors. 

ReferenceLopez, R. P., & Hynes, H. P. (2006). Obesity, physical activity, and the urban environment: public health research needs. Environmental Health5(1), 25.
The article points to the persistent trends in overweight and obesity tends to focus on the environment, physical activity, and overweight. It can be noted that most of the research have been carried out in suburbs. The studies have suggested that different feature of the suburban built environment including low densities, poor street connectivity and lack of sidewalks are associated with reduced physical activity and heightened risk of being overweight. Importantly, relative to the suburban residents, the residents in the inner city populations have higher rates of obesity and inactivity despite living in dense areas that have good street connectivity. This research article introduces an element of land use, where different factors such as policies on zoning influences how the land is used. 

ReferenceLovasi, G. S., Hutson, M. A., Guerra, M., & Neckerman, K. M. (2009). Built environments and obesity in disadvantaged populations. Epidemiologic reviews31(1), 7-20.

AnnotationThe article notes that in the US, health disparities in obesity and related diseases are a subject of concern. The article is focused to gain an understanding on how obesity-related health disparities may be related with the obesogenic built environment. The article notes that there is a correlation between obesity and the built environment. The article noted that the disadvantaged group lived in worse environment with respect to issues such as food stores, places to exercise and traffic related safety. It is indicated that people of back race and Hispanic ethnicity are noted to be a higher risk of overweight or obesity. However the situation is noted to be much more complex than a simple reality. This article will be relevant and informative to the current research process. 

ReferenceZenk, S. N., Schulz, A. J., & Odoms-Young, A. (2009). How neighborhood environments contribute to obesity. The American journal of nursing109(7), 61.
AnnotationThe article observes that most of researchers in the past has focused on determining the psychosocial factors that influence obesity and related action. It introduces new angle that need to be considers, the role of environmental factors in influencing the obesity and related behavior. It is noted that obesity is a major issue of concern among African American, as the prevalence of obesity among African-American women in noted to be much higher than in other races, ethnic, and gender groups. It is indicated that the element of behavior change is highly challenging for people living in low-income and minority neighborhoods. Among the reason indicated in this is the limitation of resources required to maintain healthy lifestyles and greater presence of health risks. This article will thus be informative to the current research as it will provide insights into how neighborhood contribute to obesity.
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