Internet of Things


Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a projected expansion of the internet in which ordinary matters have network connectivity, permitting them to send data. It is a system of consistent computing policies, automated and digital machines, items, animals or people that are provided with exceptional identifiers and the capacity to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.

Summary of the article

This summary provides a brief overview of the Internet of Things which was first launched in 1997 and is associated with linking objects to the internet. In the past few years, many innovative technologies and companies at the IoT world have used many cases. IoT is still developing and worldwide companies and businesses are still trying to figure out business representations, technology choices, and IoT values. Data and information are available anywhere and everywhere in the offices and at home (McEwen., & Cassimally.,2014).

This article also explains the uses of the Internet of Things and the way it has helped organizations to find new solutions in collecting data and information without the face to face communication with people.  Many things are connected to the internet and therefore, data has been made available to everyone who accesses the internet. This has made things easier even in terms of the business transaction and hence has an economic benefit. It has contributed to interconnecting the whole world. It uses inbuilt sensors to collect data and act on it through a network. It also adjusts heating and lighting automatically. DaCosta has led the way on many IoT faces in the year 2012 and termed the year and announced it as the Year of Internet of Things and outlines what is the future has in store.

Importance of Internet of Things

The availability of data over the internet has brought many advantages and benefits to individuals, firms and the society in general. One of the benefits is that it connects everyday items and devices to large databanks and networks to the internet in an economical system of item documentation. Changes in the physical status of things can be detected using the sensor technology.

Internet of Things technologies also gives significant potential to firms, consumers, and producers. This is through helping the producers to market their goods and services easily through the internet and push their innovative moves, and consumers get them easily too. 

Industries use wireless sensor networks in homeland security, medical, home automation, environmental and structural monitoring (Bahga., & Madisetti, (2014). The firms have embraced the underlying Internet of Things technology in optimizing their central processes, enlarge their old-fashioned markets and diversity into innovative markets.

However, IoT has posed some challenges such as difficulty in convincing users to implement developing technologies due to the essence of data protection and privacy.  Many people fear for their data and information being exposed to unauthorized personnel (Chaouchi, 2013).

Another challenge is that technological adjustment in most areas is still in its early stages, or remains uneven (In Buyya., & In Vahid., 2016). It has not been easy for the government and business firms to manage and adopt speedy invention in IoT. Standardization is an essential element for the mass setting out and dispersal of the technology.


Internet of Things has brought about various benefits especially to the sectors of the economy. It has enabled transaction of businesses in an easier way. Consumers can also access goods and services in a more efficient manner. However, IoT has faced various challenges including difficulty in implementing it and making it acceptable to the society.


Bahga, A., & Madisetti, V. (2014). Internet of things: A hands-on approach.

Chaouchi, H. (2013). The Internet of Things: Connecting Objects. London: Wiley.

DaCosta, F. (2013). Rethinking the Internet of Things: A scalable approach to connecting.

                 everything. New York, N.Y.: ApressOpen

In Buyya, R., & In Vahid, D. A. (2016). Internet of things: Principles and paradigms.

McEwen, A., & Cassimally, H. (2014). Designing the Internet of things. Chichester, West

                Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley.

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