Individuals move from one locale to another for a number of reasons. The most common reason as to why people change their national borders is to seek economic opportunities and the harsh political climate. From a general point of view, international migration can be classified into two broad classifications, that is push and pull factor. The two classifications are caused by environmental, social, cultural, and international factors. Therefore, there are a number of factors pulling and pushing international migration.
From the lightest point of view, push factors of international migration are those that make an individual to voluntarily move from their nation to another one. The risks open to individuals is the main cause of seeking refuge in another state (Mayda, 2010). In case they continue staying in their nations, the factors will subject them to risks. The push factors include the likes of extreme social and religious faith, famine, drought, and conflict. Some other push factors are the seeking of better job opportunities and the poor economic conditions. Additionally, presence of status quo, cultural discrimination, and intolerance in political climate are other forces have a significant contribution to warrant to be termed as push factors to international migration.
On the other hand, there are those factors under pull factors to international migration. They can be defined as the aspects in the destined nations, that attract people to leave their home nation and move to the nation. Every individual strives to have a better life, with economic opportunities (Kline, 2013). Other pull factors are perceptions placed on a nation, favorable climatic conditions, and peaceful land. Pull factors are a blend of the climatic, political, and cultural forces, which created opportunities for international migration. Therefore, there are a number of factors pulling and pushing international migration.
Kline, D. S. (2013). Push and pull factors in international nurse migration. Journal of nursing scholarship, 35(2), 107-111.
Mayda, A. M. (2010). International migration: A panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows. Journal of Population Economics, 23(4), 1249-1274.
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