HEA93002 – Discovery & Enquiry in Health: The Critical Literature Review

Method Section Template

ADOPT THIS TEMPLATE for reporting the Method Section in your Literature Review. Also, use this template for the first Assignment. The italicized text must be removed when you submit the Method Section. You will see that what is in italics is my instructions to help you in the process. When you use a template, the shared/common material is not taken into account in terms of the Turnitin Report.

The search strategy, including the list of databases and search terms used for this review, including the number of articles found using this method is shown in Table 1. The search was limited to articles published between January 1997 and December 2016 that met the following inclusion criteria: (provide examples as follows).

  • Study designs and aim/s
  • Intervention
  • Subjects and setting
  • Publication type and language: peer reviewed articles (in scholarly journals), published in English.

This literature search method yielded XXX articles.  Once duplicates (n=XX articles) were removed, the abstract of XXX articles were screened for inclusion in this review. The majority (only state this if it is indeed true and applies to your search process) of the articles (n=XXX) were (give a few examples of types of studies/articles rejected). These were excluded. (This is the first cull of articles).

The remaining XX full-test articles were screened for inclusion in this review. (This is the second cull of articles). A further XX articles were excluded for the following reasons: (give up to 4 reasons for excluding studies in this cull).

Reason e.g.  The study designs and/or research aims were inconsistent with the inclusion criteria (list these studies using APA referencing method).

Reason …………………………………………… (list studies using APA referencing method)

Reason …………………………………………… (list studies using APA referencing method)

Reason …………………………………………… (list studies using APA referencing method)

Reason …………………………………………… (list studies using APA referencing method)

See Graphic 1 for the modified PRISMA flow diagram

References in APA 6th style.

[Table 1 is an example from an actual literature review by Brownie and Nancarrow (2013). This is to provide guidance. You will need to substitute with your information!) 

Table 1. Databases and search terms used to identify literature for review

Database Search termsNo. articles 
Medlinepatient-centered care [MeSH] OR “person-cent#red care” OR “patient-focus#ed care” OR “resident-cent#red care” OR “relationship-cent#red care” OR “individuali#ed care” OR “resident-oriented care” 61
ANDhomes for the aged [MesH] OR nursing homes [MesH] OR residential facilities [MesH]  OR long-term care [MesH]  OR assisted living facilities [MesH]
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model” 
Limiters: 1995-2012; English
Cinahlpatient-centered care [Heading] OR “person-cent#red care” OR “patient-focus#ed care” OR “resident-cent#red care” OR “relationship-cent#red care” OR “individuali#ed care” OR “resident-oriented care”37
ANDnursing homes [Heading]  OR residential care [Heading] OR residential facilities [Heading] OR housing for the elderly [Heading] OR “long-term care”
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model”
Limiters:1995-2012; English, Research article [Publication type] 
Academic Search Premierpatient-centered care [Subject term] OR “person-cent#red care” OR “patient-focus#ed care” OR “resident-cent#red care” OR “relationship-cent#red care” OR “individuali#ed care” OR “resident-oriented care”79
ANDresidential care [Subject term] OR nursing care facilities [Subject term] OR long-term care facilities [Subject term] OR old age homes [Subject term] OR “nursing home*” OR “residential care facilities”
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model”
Limiters:1995-2012; English, scholarly (peer-reviewed) journals
Scopus“person-cent?red care” OR “patient-focus?ed care” OR “resident-cent?red care” OR “relationship-cent?red care” OR “individuali?ed care” OR “resident-oriented care”31
AND“nursing home*” OR “residential care” OR “residential facilities” OR “housing for the elderly” OR “long-term care” OR “long-term care facilities”
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model”
Limiters:1995-2012, Article [Publication type], article title, abstract and keywords
ProQuest person-centred care [Search term] OR patient-centred care [Search term] OR “person-centered care” OR “patient-centered care” OR  “patient-focus?ed care” OR “resident-cent?red care” OR “relationship-cent?red care” OR “individuali?ed care” OR “resident-oriented care”38
ANDresidential aged care [Search term] OR aged care homes [Search term] OR homes for the aged [Search term] OR nursing homes for the elderly [Search term] OR nursing home* [Search term]  
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model”
Limiters:1995-2012, English, peer reviewed, article [Document type] 
Expanded Academic ASAPpersonalised care [Keyword] OR patient centred care [Keyword]  OR patient centeredness [Keyword] OR patient centered approach [Keyword] OR individuali!ed care [Keyword] OR patient focus!ed care [Keyword] OR “resident-oriented care” OR “relationship-cent!red care” OR “person-cent!red care”77
ANDaged care residents [Keyword] OR aged care facilities [Keyword] OR nursing home*[Keyword] OR nursing home residents [Keyword] OR residential care [Keyword] OR long term care facilities [Keyword]
OR“Eden Alternative” OR “Green House Model” OR “Wellspring Model”
Limiters:1995-2012, article [Document type], peer-reviewed 
Total records identified after database searching 323
Total records after duplicates removed146

NB Observe the position of the title for the table versus the position of the title for the diagram.

Once again, an example only.  Please use your data to populate the modified PRISMA flow diagram. Please note how the numbers of articles shown in the table relate to the number of articles shown in the diagram.









Graphic 1 Modified PRISMA flow diagram of article screening and selection

Brownie, S., & Nancarrow, S. (2013). Effects of person-centered care on residents and staff in aged-care facilities: A systematic review. Clinical Inverventions in Aging, 8, 1-10. 

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