Annotated Bibliography: Computer Use beyond Clinical Informatics

Annotated Bibliography

Fiander, M., McGowan, J., Grad, R., Pluye, P., Hannes, K., Labrecque, M., & Tugwell, P. (2015).

An intervention to increase the use of electronic health information in healthcare practitioners is to improve clinical practice and patient outcomes. The paper is about how to increase the use of technology in the clinic. One of the main focuses of the paper is the results of the randomized control experiment. From the findings and the conclusions drawn from this paper, it is clear that more areas in medicine and healthcare need computers. The research present in this paper will be used in the final write out to express some of the areas where computers are needed using backed up evidence.

Shortleaf, E. H., Detmer, D. E., & Munger, B. S. (2016). Clinical Informatics: Emergence of a New Profession. In Clinical Informatics Study Guide (pp. 3-21). Springer International Publishing.

The article’s main point is about the need for a new kind of person in the healthcare department. This person should be the one to deal with information. According to the article, such a person is needed for a number of reasons. One of the main reasons is that it is increasingly becoming common for information to be available through technology. A person well vast in the technology field would do a good job in such an area. The article also highlights the need for healthcare professionals to understand technology. The article gives many reasons aside from informatics alone. This article will be useful as it will help in showing all the other ways technology, and thus, computers can be used in healthcare.

Key Point

The presentation of automated frameworks in human services has realized numerous progressions. Despite the fact that some therapeutic organizations thought that it was hard to adjust to the new innovation, it is unmistakably that work has been more proficient and viable. The mechanical headway has a larger number of preferences than weaknesses as in there is an incredible decrease in blunders made. These mistakes were a direct result of a lot of printed material thus much work flood subsequently making space for human blunder. Inquire about demonstrates that Electronic Therapeutic Records (EMR) has incredibly decreased blunders and issues connected with confusion (Skolnik, 2011). Orders made electronically have ended up being clearer and less powerless to confusion.

The wellbeing expert has more opportunity to patient medicinal services. This is on the grounds that restorative records there are a straightforward entry and understanding through the electronic medicinal records. The way that the data in the framework is uniform, makes wellbeing experts in whichever field to make out of the strength of the patient. Healing centers that have the framework have more prominent work process and better productivity mind (Skolnik, 2011). At last, the new mechanized framework in the long run changes normal human services specialist to a super labored one.

Outline

Tolerant privacy is a key part of thought by medical attendants in patient care. The presentation of another wellbeing data framework implies that there will be an exchange of data from printed material into the framework. A few nurses consider this as a specialist break. To tame this, attendants are taught utilizing arrangements and structures that address every one of the current issues (Garets et al., 2013).

The key essentials to consider incorporate; arrangement of supporting documentation and results, access to PC workstations, medical attendants should get to these stations keeping in mind the end goal to enter in the patients’ data. There should be clear and brief data between the specialized and the clinical environment. Training on sufficient downtime systems is critical. This guarantees there is request and smooth operations in the healing facility setting regardless of the framework inaccessibility.

The suggested ventures in tending to these preconditions are to make group that incorporates all the vital offices. An official support, a venture chief and group pioneer should be recognized so that each assumes the part he or she is assigned. Every one of them should be instructed on how the framework is to function. Solidarity is entering in the usage of the venture. It gives both the specialists and wellbeing laborers a simple time amid the execution stage. A cost examination of the entire venture is vital as it helps in investigating of the speculation cost of the venture (Garets et al., 2013). A financial plan is readied and they can represent everything about the procedure.

Expanded outlined

Data is basic to health informatics, particularly propels in innovation, encourages this kind of care and gives an instrument for customers to give basic data to their parental figures, and impart the data to families, companions, and different patients. Computing will be utilized to saddle the likelihood and force of innovation, while informatics transforms the data and information into learning that is utilized by individuals consistently.

Health informatics supplements recognizable social insurance information, with the free stream encouraging genuine patient-focused care and connections the patient’s existence with a facility. It moves the healthcare point from the doctor’s facility bed or center to where the customer is-school, work, home or group. Patient focused care achievement requires depending on another sort of clinician-patient cooperation in and inspired patient, full access to clinical information by all gatherings, and time to assess and arrange the activity.

A major problem facing data entry is the clinical acceptance of the electronic record. According to Walsh (2004), the data entry is based on a predetermined list which is set for the medical data clerk to choose from, as they use clinical terms. Through the social interacting process, the burden of coding the information by the doctors is taken away from the doctors making the work easy for them. Hand-held computers with the friendly user interface are increasingly being used thus reducing assimilation of information through reading structured text. When a computer is used to generate output, it becomes an easy way to help in making a clinical decision due to the structure and layout of the clinical report. Also, it is easier to access the computer records with ease for it has an easy way of searching the records fast when one needs them.

Based on the training of medical professionals to use the EMR machine, it becomes easy and effective to the machine as one will access the required represented data very fast. Middleton et al (2013) demonstrates that due to user proficiency, understanding of the EMR system, personal motivational initiative and the user developed strategies helps in overcoming essentials of EHR systems of clinical practice. Negative and errors related results may be due to poor usability ways. In some cases, clinicians usability of the EHR system as per the task model and software functionality in doing the task does influence the task outcome in the systems data representation.

Nowadays healthcare is shifting to home based and community-based settings which ensure patients are increasingly getting engaged to work on their self-health care and management. Valdez et al (2014) illustrates that technology has broken the barriers limiting remote monitoring system whereby Consumer health informatics is being used to create to expanded support systems for patients.  Furthermore, the real use of CHI systems is over and over again becoming suboptimal as time goes by for demonstrates the potential of these systems.

The use of existing methods of interpretation health records should be apparent. Trevena et al (2013) speaks of there being a widespread adoption of health informatics which has aided in design approaches that smoothen the progress of incorporation of CHI systems into patients’ everyday routines. Building on this approach, a patient’s daily routine framework holds a substantial promise of being achieved through advanced health informatics. Health-related technology for the patients has been kept simple as it helps demonstrate substantial health benefits to the patient.

Conclusion

Computing of health information has led to innovation that facilitates better representation of the health informatics for easy access when needed. New technology is making it easier to access health services from anywhere the patient is located unlike in the old days where it was limited to the medical facility. Thanks to advance in the use health informatics technology, health practitioners have an easier workload instead of carrying a big burden of executing their work. Technology has also made the access of patient’s records easy therefore ensuring follow-up of patients’ wellbeing much easier to do unlike where the use of technology is limited. Consumer health informatics has led to expanded support systems for patients. Adoption of health informatics has aided in the incorporation of CHI systems into patients’ everyday life which is easy to use for family member of the patient due to a friendly user interface. Special consideration ought to be paid in teaching on use of the new medical technology so as to enhance understanding and interpretation of data which will lead to the best wellbeing of a patient.

Reference

Fiander, M., McGowan, J., Grad, R., Pluye, P., Hannes, K., Labrecque, M., & Tugwell, P. (2015).

Garets, C. M. C., Eastman, D., & Garets, D. E. (2013). Change management strategies for an effective EMR implementation. Chicago, IL: Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society.

Shortleaf, E. H., Detmer, D. E., & Munger, B. S. (2016). Clinical Informatics: Emergence of a New Profession. In Clinical Informatics Study Guide (pp. 3-21). Springer International Publishing.

Skolnik, N. S. (2011). Electronic medical records: A practical guide for primary care. New York: Humana.

Walsh, S. H. (2004). The clinician’s perspective on electronic health records and how they can affect patient care. Bmj328(7449), 1184-1187.

Middleton, B., Bloomrosen, M., Dente, M. A., Hashmat, B., Koppel, R., Overhage, J. M., … & Zhang, J. (2013). Enhancing patient safety and quality of care by improving the usability of electronic health record systems: recommendations from AMIA. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association20(e1), e2-e8.

Valdez, R. S., Holden, R. J., Novak, L. L., & Veinot, T. C. (2014). Transforming consumer health informatics through a patient work framework: connecting patients to context. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, amiajnl-2014.

Trevena, L. J., Zikmund-Fisher, B. J., Edwards, A., Gaissmaier, W., Galesic, M., Han, P. K., … & Ozanne, E. (2013). Presenting quantitative information about decision outcomes: a risk communication primer for patient decision aid developers. BMC medical informatics and decision making13(2), 1.

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