Thesis and Subtopics

Writing a research paper can be time consuming, tedious, and complex and its success depends on the written communication skills. The first step towards writing a research paper is deciding on the topic. A research topic should not be too wide that it gives a general overview of the subject neither should it be too narrow that that it can leave out critical aspects, concepts, and details that may fully support the subject (Bodden and Williams, 2015.  The introduction paragraph of a research paper starts with general information and ends with specifics which is the thesis statement. The general information consists of a grabber which shows the voice of personality and can be quotations, leads, facts, anecdote, facts, or a short story about the topic. After the grabber, the topic is introduced to readers or the audience where informational questions likes where, what, who, and when are answered. Here, the pretense should be that the audience does not have any background information about the topic (Bodden and Williams, 2015). Lastly, the introduction paragraphs ends with a thesis statement which gives the direction or the summary of what the research is all about. After the introduction paragraph, there is the body which consists of paragraphs that are meant to support the thesis statement. Each paragraph of the body should consists of a topic sentence, an explanation, an example, and a transition statements that leads to the next body paragraph (Steiner-Williams, 2014). After all body paragraphs have been exhausted, the conclusion comes in. in the conclusion, the thesis statement is restated and a summary of the findings of the research from the body paragraphs given and a final position on the study is made based on the findings (Hord, 2015). This paper therefore presents the thesis statement and subtopics that outline a research paper on the role of government on the success of small businesses in the United States. 

Thesis statement

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Government regulations on small business change regularly based on the prevailing situations and restrictions in terms of business permits and licensing, taxes, consumer advertising, environmental legislation, and employment laws determine the success of a small business. 

Subtopics

Business permits and licensing

Many business require licenses and business permits to operate. Locally, cities and county governments require that new businesses or companies acquire to operate in their jurisdiction. (United States, 2018) For instance, restaurants are required to have permits that show that they comply with the stated government regulations in health and sanitary. Also, the state or federal government issues new businesses like gun shops, bars, radio stations, and vets and doctors with specialty licenses (Iliev and Vitanova, 2019). To acquire this information, one can visit the specific state chamber of commerce or networking group of a specific industry. Moreover, this section will discuss how government requirements with regards to permits and licensing affects small business (Vasudeva et al., 2015). Also, the amount charged to acquire the respective permits and licenses determine the number of businesses opened in a given area. Besides, this section will compare information on the requirements and the amounts charged to have specific permits and licenses and come up with a conclusion on the effect permits and licensing requirements have on small businesses. Even though permits and licenses ensure that businesses operate in safe environments and the public is protected in terms of health and safety, they affect the rate at which businesses are opened. Other than business permits and licenses, taxes determine the level of investment in an area. 

Taxes

Paying tax is both good and painful. Sales takes is paid for selling goods or services and paying income tax means that one has an income. Having to comply with tax regulations is another downside of tax that small business need to comply with (Nguyen, Donohue, & Mehrotra, 2019). The regulations require that when employers pay their employees they take payroll tax. Also, businesses should collect and pay sales tax on their state government’s schedule. Also, tax regulations require that one gets an employer identification number from IRS to get a business identification just like individuals are identified using the social security numbers. This section will also compare and contrast tax rates (Vasudeva et al., 2015). Tax exemptions, and tax regulations of different states and find out the correlations between tax and rate of investment in a specific states (Nguyen et al., 2019). Different states have different tax rates and tax regulations that small businesses have to adhere to thus determining the rate at which small businesses are started in a given state. Other than tax and tax regulations, consumer advertising play a critical role in starting of small businesses.

Consumer advertising

The fact that consumer advertising must adhere to stipulated government rules and regulations, small business must ensure that when they advertise the goods and services that they sale, they are within the stated rules and regulations (United States, 2018). The regulations ensure that no fraudulent claims are made. For instance, when promoting health products, science is needed to back up the claims. Also, for microfinance businesses, it is required that rates and interests are reported accurately (Christopher, 2015). Complying with consume advertising regulations requires deeper research and expertise which increases business expenditure which in turn can affect the pricing and profits from given product. The impact of government regulation on consumer adverting will be the rea of focus in this section and results from different states will be given. Besides having to adhere to consumer advertising regulation, meeting the environmental legislation requirements is important for any new and continuing business.

Environmental legislation

Both the state and national government have several regulations that small businesses must keep to ensure that the environment (soil, water, and air) re not polluted. Manufacturing businesses are required to follow regulations when disposing wastes, smoke, and byproducts from their factory (Jan Adamiak, 2019). Also, n white collar business where a building is constructed, regulations controlling the amount of storm water that can run off the building must be met to ensure that buildings are safe (United States, 2018). Different states have different environmental regulations that must be met to ensure public safety. These regulations will be discussed here and their impact on small businesses investment in different states presented. Furthermore, after complying with the environmental legislation, employment laws are the government regulations that small businesses have to adhere to.

Employment laws

State and federal government stipulates rules and regulations that govern how employers should treat their employees. There regulations ensure that workers are not discriminated in hiring and firing based on their religion, race, ethnicity, age, gender, nation of origin, and disability. Also, when hourly employees work for over 40 hours a week, they are entitled to overtime pay (Vasudeva et al., 2015). Also, employers should be provided with insurance to cover them when they get injured while on duty (Jan Adamiak, 2019). Other rules also require that employees are given time offs due to medicate conditions and pregnancy. This section will therefore focus on specific employment laws in different states and find out their impacts on small business investment. 

References

Bodden, V., & Williams, N. (2015). Writing a research paper.

Christopher, D. M. (December 31, 2015). Charting a New Revolution in Equity Crowdfunding: The Rise of State Crowdfunding Regimes in Response to the Inadequacy of Title III of the JOBS Act, 3 J. Marshall Global Mkt. L.J. 135 (2015). John Marshall Global Markets Law Journal, 3, 2.)

Hord, C. (2015). Writing a research paper.

Iliev, P., & Vitanova, S. (January 29, 2019). The Effect of the Say-on-Pay Vote in the United States. Management Science.

Jan Adamiak. (January 01, 2019). LIMITING THE DEBT OF SELF-GOVERNMENTS AS AN ELEMENT OF THEIR FINANCIAL SECURITY. Torun Business Review, 17.

Nguyen, J., Donohue, K., & Mehrotra, M. (January 01, 2019). Closing a Supplier’s Energy Efficiency Gap Through Assessment Assistance and Procurement Commitment. Management Science, 65, 1, 122-138.

Steiner-Williams, J. (2014). Writing a Research Paper. Carpinteria, Calif.: Lynda.com.

United States. (2018). Growing opportunities for businesses and small farmers in Acadiana: Field hearing before the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifteenth Congress, first session, August 24, 2017.Vasudeva, G., Alexander, E. A., & Jones, S. L. (June 01, 2015). Institutional Logics and Interorganizational Learning in Technological Arenas: Evidence from Standard-Setting Organizations in the Mobile Handset Industry. Organization Science, 26, 3, 830-846.

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