The initiation of cyberspace has resulted in unregulated and new forms of warfare with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) trying to define the issues and manage them. The effectiveness of NATO is driven by the technical, military and political authorities and includes individual allies (Underwood, 2018). The NATO effectiveness is driven by the use of following a high political oversight to implement its strategies. NATO includes the NATO Cyber Defense Management Board (CDMB) where they solve emerging cyberattacks issues (University of Maryland University College, n.d.).
BSA (2018) explains that the United Nations and NATO share strategic interests and common liberal values including the rule of law, democracy, individual liberty, human rights, and freedom. Underwood (2018) adds that cyber threats are negatively affecting national and transatlantic security. These challenges are prompting NATO to provide their commitment as illustrated in their objective, to “develop further our ability to prevent, detect, defend against and recover from cyber-attacks” (Piret Pernik, 2014; p1). Also, the ability of NATO to make cyberspace its top priority through the creation of the new Cyber Operations Center has increased its effectiveness.
The international cyber approach I place is the shift to cyber norms. According to Council Foreign Relations (2018), a shift to cyber norms is likely to stabilize cyberspace worldwide. This is attained through the reassessment of current norm-development efforts at the country level. The global software industry urges policymakers all over the world to formulate cybersecurity policies that are in alignment with international standards, aims to protect privacy, promotes collaboration between private and public organizations, and encourages innovations, market-driven, and technologically neutral Council Foreign Relations (2018) encouraging adoption. Generally, international cyber policy approaches require promoting collaboration and of cyber norms.
BSA (2018). BSA Releases International Cybersecurity Framework to Promote Strong and Consistent Cybersecurity Governance. BSA | The Software Alliance.
Council Foreign Relations (2018). Increasing International Cooperation in Cybersecurity and Adapting Cyber Norms. International Institutions and Global Governance Program. [online] Available at: https://www.cfr.org/report/increasing-international-cooperation-cybersecurity-and-adapting-cyber-norms [Accessed 30 Aug. 2019].
Piret Pernik (2014). Improving Cyber Security: NATO and the EU. International Centre for Defence Studies. Tallinn, Estonia.
Underwood, K. (2018). NATO Strengthens Its Cyber Stance. AFCEA.University of Maryland University College (n.d.). Current Global Cybersecurity Policy-Part 2. CSEC 655 Global Cybersecurity. [online] Available at: https://content.umuc.edu/file/6869841d-3e06-410a-9b56-7bbdfbf3d6f1/1/TATA/CSEC655/csec.html?moduleSelected=csec655_03&cType=wbc [Accessed 30 Aug. 2019].
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