Standard and Configured Access Control

Built-in Control in Windows 10

Windows 10 has a default user account control (UAC), also known as the service account. UAC helps control the access and the administration of the window 10 operators. It is explicitly for the security context of the services running in the system. UAC controls access to local and network resources. It blocks the automatic installation of applications and advertent changes in system settings. Therefore, it helps prevent malware attack to the computer allowing organizations and users to deploy a better-managed desktop environment. It will enable all users to access the system through a standard user account. Processes launched in the system using standard user token use the specific settings used by the standard user.

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Windows also have a system account. That unlike the service account, it is used by the operating services and by services running under windows.  That is, it helps in the various services that require the users’ internal log on. Several processes and services require the capability to log on internally. System account does not show up in the user manager account and cannot be added in different groups nor have rights assigned to it. It does not show on the NTFS volume in the file manager in the permission portion of security menu. It has the full control of all the files in the NTFS volume. Thus it has the functional privileges of the user account.

Current Access Controls

Access control provides security by giving flexible control on who to access the premises. It involves the running of the authentication and authorization of access to the system. It helps prevent the risk and losses to personal or highly sensitive information. It also helps in avoiding damages that accrue for illegal access. Different application designed with minimum or no security settings requires the use of standard user settings to assist in protecting their activities. By default, UAC notifies when an application wants to make changes in the PC, but that can change through settings.

Additionally, windows offer the protection from malware through integration with antimalware scan interface (AMSI). It scans all the UAC elevation for malware. In the detection of malware, it blocks the admin privilege.

A user who is a member of administrators can log on access emails; browse the net on the standard user account access token. When an administrator needs to perform an activity that requires administrator’s access token, the window will prompt the user automatically for the Y/N approval. That is known as the elevations prompt (UAC). When in operation (UAC enabled), there is a difference in the user’s experience as the standard users and the administrative users in admin approval mode. The best way of improving security is to run the primary user account as the standard user.

Deficiencies and Opportunities for Increasing Security

UAC in default setting notifies the admin only when applications want to make changes to the computer. That is, the administrator will get the notification when the apps want to make changes to the computer, or an application tries to make changes in windows setting. The setting will not notify the administrator when the one tries to make changes in windows setting that require an administrator’s permission. It is safe allowing the window to make changes. However, windows come with apps that have commanded, and data passed down to them. Malicious software may take advantage of that using those apps to change settings or install files in the computer. Therefore, it will be appropriate if the settings are made during configuration on the constant notification. All the application changes and windows setting changes will, therefore, require the administrator’s approval.

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