Psychiatric Issues among Youths

Mental problems is a significant problem among youths where according to Ogden and Hagen (2018), 10-20%of children and adolescents experience mental disorders where 50% of the issue starts at 14 years and 75% at early 20s. Additionally, neuropsychiatric conditions are leading in disability causation among adolescents. Adolescents with psychiatric issues face major challenges like discrimination, isolation, and stigma and also lack access to educational facilities and healthcare. Johnson (2018) explains that the aspect of psychiatric issues starts during late childhood and early adolescence. This assignment will explore on psychiatric issues among adolescents and in particular mental health issues experienced by Asian American youths.
Surveys indicate there are similar rates of mental health issues among Asian American youths in comparison to non-Hispanic White youths in US. Nonetheless, the Asian Americans have been identified to have a lower level of mental health service engagement and a higher level of unmet mental health needs than the Whites. Hall and Yee (2012) explain that the people of color in America have been neglected in the mental health policies and the issue is higher among children and adolescents. Such discrepancies open the need to explore the assessment tools that appropriate to interview Asians adolescents with psychiatric disorder.
Ogden and Hagen (2018) argue that healthy development during childhood and adolescence stages greatly results to good mental health and prevents psychiatric issues. Mental health problems among youths like eating disorder, depression, anxiety, and conduct disorder, but Asians adolescents may face emotional distress due to prejudice and cultural adjustment. Some of the important mental health habits among adolescence include good judgment, resilience and coping skills which are essential in attaining general well-being as well as positive mental health in later years. One of the common mental health issues at this stage is mood swings, but Johnson (2018) notes that approximately one among 5 adolescents has a serious psychiatric disorder like anxiety and depression disorders at some point in life.
One of the assessment skills that are currently in use to tackle the issue of mental health is the mental health Gap Action Programme (mhGAP) by World Health Organization. The mhGAP is responsible in scaling up services for substance abuse disorders, neurological disorders and mental disorders. Angold et al. (2012) explain that there are three 3 styles of psychiatric interviews for youth: the Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) (“expert judgment”), the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA) (“Interviewer-based”), and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) (“respondent-based”). The Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment (CAPA) is a Parent and Child interviewer-based structured diagnostic interview that was developed in 1986 to be used at 9 to 17 years. This assessment assesses the full range of common mental health issues.
Aebi et al. (2012) explain that Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) is a novel containing rating techniques, interviews, and questionnaires that generates DSM-IV and ICD-10 psychiatric diagnoses for individuals within 5 to 16 years. The clinicians follow structured questions to identify symptoms to prompt a parent to provide psychiatric symptoms. Lastly, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) follows fully structured questions that one uses to assess 34 common mental health disorders among children and adolescents (Angold et al., 2012). These psychiatric interview based tools are used to assess the mental health issue present in an adolescent.

Reference
Aebi, M., Kuhn, C., Metzke, C., Stringaris, A., Goodman, R. and Steinhausen, H. (2012). The use of the development and well-being assessment (DAWBA) in clinical practice: a randomized trial. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 21(10), pp.559-567.
Angold, A., Erkanli, A., Copeland, W., Goodman, R., Fisher, P. and Costello, E. (2012). Psychiatric Diagnostic Interviews for Children and Adolescents: A Comparative Study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(5), pp.506-517.
Johnson, D., Dupuis, G., Piche, J., Clayborne, Z., & Colman, I. (2018). Adult mental health outcomes of adolescent depression: A systematic review. Depression and anxiety, 35(8), 700-716.
Hall, G. and Yee, A. (2012). U.S. mental health policy: Addressing the neglect of Asian Americans. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 3(3), pp.181-193.
Ogden, T., & Hagen, K. A. (2018). Adolescent mental health: Prevention and intervention. Routledge.

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