PAIN MANAGEMENT AMONG NURSES

Introduction.

      Pain can be defined as unpleasant feeling either physical, sensory or emotional associated with potential or actual tissue damage. It is considered the first symptom that makes patients visit the health institution (Mclean S. et al. 2004). Though it involves multi-professional team to treat pain, nurses play a very significant role as they are the one who spends most of the time with the patients. They are involved from the first stage to establish the cause of the pain, frequent assessment of pain, provide treatment and do follow-ups. For these reasons, nurses should be well equipped with adequate and correct knowledge of pain management.  Although there are a lot of advances in medical fields, under-treatment of pain remains unresolved.This is so because most nurses are found to have inadequate knowledge and wrong attitude in pain management (Jones KR et al., 2004). 

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
PAIN MANAGEMENT AMONG NURSES
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

       Pain management is a compelling and universal requirement. A study was done at Tribhuvan University Hospital (TUTH) which is one of the largest hospitals in Nepal, revealed that most nurses have the wrong attitude toward pain management. Similar outcomes were obtained in another study conducted in Turkey (Yava A et al., 2013). This evidence of the lack of knowledge in pain management was emphasized by another similar study done among Jordanian nurses. The outcomes demonstrated that more health care providers including nurses are trained to concentrate more on the disease rather than pain and sufferings. 

      Studies have revealed that most nurses determine the intensity of the pain through the behavior of the patient rather than the statements given by the patients. This was demonstrated by a study done by Bernardi M et al, 2007and Omran et al., 2017. The report of the patients should be more reliable in determining the intensity of the pain as opposed to the behavior (Mccaffery M, 1990). The first and the foremost step in pain management is to establish whether there is the pain. This study showed that nurses could not recognize the patient in pain. Nurses rely on vital signs and ignore patient’s statements. As a result, they tend to inject the patient with sterile water to establish the pain. Studies have also revealed that most nurses do not understand the magnitude of the pain in cancer patients due to lack of knowledge of the pharmacological features of cancer-treating drugs such as opioids (Lui LYY, SO wkw and Fong DYT,2008). 

      Studies have shown that there is no relationship between knowledge and attitude with other factors such as age, education, working area and duration of work. ( Glajchen M.and Bookbinder M. 2001) .  This was an inconsistency with what was established by Yava  et al. who demonstrated that nurses with a higher level of education have a considerably better understanding of pain.  

Dimensions of Effective pain management

      Lack of integrated proper pain management can lead to unnecessary physical, psychological, emotional adverse implications. The World Health Organization together with many professional organizations has established that pain management is a very crucial aspect of patient care. 

    The American Pain Society has raised the most current procedures for improving pain management. These procedures include fast recognition and treatment of pain, working together with the patient in the pain management plan, improvement of treatment patterns, re-establishment and adjustment of the pain management plan as required and evaluation of processes and results of pain management. 

Benefits of efficient pain management

    Efficient pain management enhances flexibility, productivity and minimizes side effects of small intestines, urinary retention, and functioning of the heart. Pain management also reduces insomnia that can lead to postoperative fatigue. Patients together with their families can respond to stress when their physiological pains are well managed. The other benefits of pain management include increased productivity, reduced expenditure and earlier overall recovery, improved quality of life and health care systems (14)

Conclusion

    Nurses are the most critical part of the multidisciplinary approach in pain management. Therefore their knowledge and attitude make a big difference hence the need to equip them with regular in-service education on pain management according to the World Health Organization and American Pain Society. 

References

Bernardi M, Catania G and Lambert A et al. Knowledge and attitudes about cancer pain management. A national survey of Italian oncology nurses. European Journal of Oncology Nursing; 11(3), 272-279.

Jones KR, Fink R, and Pepper G et al. (2004). Improving nursing home staff knowledge and attitude about pain. The Gerontologist, 44, 469-478

McCaffery M , Beebe A. Pain (1990) Clinical Manual for Nursing Practice. Journal of Pain and Symptoms  Management 5 (5) : 338-339

Mclean S, Domeier R, and Devore H. Et al. (2004).  The epidemiology of pain in pre-hospital           settings. Prehospital Emergency Care, 4, 402-405 

Omran S. Qadire MA. And Ali NA et al. (2014) Knowledge and attitudes about pain management: A comparison of oncology and Non- oncology Jordanian nurses. Nursing and Health; 2(4), 73-80Yava A, Cicek H, and Tuson N et al. Knowledge and beliefs about pain management in Turkey.  International Journal of Caring Sciences, 6 (3), 494-505

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
error: Content is protected !!
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE