NATURAL HAZARDS

Human Controls

Human efforts could eventually play a critical role in mitigating natural hazards risk impacts in the society particularly through preparedness, awareness, prediction, and warnings, and also education (Birkmann, 2017). Awareness involving providing information to society relating to natural hazards. Emphasis on information sharing increases awareness and as such minimizing impacts due to non-awareness. Awareness also ensures plans are put in place to mitigate hazards risks. It contributes significantly towards preparedness. Moreover, preparedness includes strategies aimed at reducing natural hazard impacts (Ismail-Zadeh, 2018). Setting aside a special budget for financing handling of natural hazard occurrences, educational and training facilities on impacts mitigation and also an investment in setting camps for impact control could ensure minimal impacts. 

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Again, investment in information technology particularly for sending predictions and warning could enhance human efforts in controlling natural hazard risks impacts. Advanced technology systems have the ability to create artificial intelligence critical in predicting trends and simulating occurrences of naturally hazardous activities (Ismail-Zadeh, 2018). Ensuring the reliable systems are used to ensure the specialist in the natural occurrences departments have detailed information and assist in creating awareness, enhancing preparedness and widely sharing information on expected and potential hazards.

Natural Hazards in Texas

The area has increased its production for natural oil and gas products. The activity has consequently increased the quantities of fluids pumped into the reserves as a strategy to optimize productions. Due to the geological composition of the land, increased fluids reduce land stability and results in increased earthquakes. Again, the natural resources extraction involves significant water withdrawal which collectively increases the risk of sinkholes in Texas. Increase in land sinking in the region as such has a significant contribution toward the natural hazard risks (Birkmann, 2017). In the long run, such impacts result in flooding due to heavy shortfalls and also droughts on the adverse. 

Texas Initiatives in Mitigating Impacts

Several initiatives aimed at reducing the natural hazard risk impacts such as coastal protection. The coastal protection projects aim to protect the coastal region and thousands of households from hurricanes which destroy homes, infrastructure and floods the coastal area. The county as well as introduced a kitty which accumulates funds to aids in mitigating the impacts of mining and natural resource extraction impacts (Ismail-Zadeh, 2018). Such kit aims at effecting efficient evacuation in case of hazard risk occurrences, finance warning, and prediction initiatives and importantly support the well-being of affected individuals and families. Additionally, technological systems could be utilized in natural resources extraction as a plan to minimize extraction process impacts.

Tornadoes vs. Hurricane Wind Patterns

Tornado and Hurricane have diverse differences ranging from speed, duration, coverage, and predictability. For instance, hurricanes have great wideness with up to several miles while on the other hand tornadoes have less than a mile wideness (Palus, 2015). Moreover, hurricanes last for several (up to 3 days) with tornadoes lasting for a short duration (mostly lasting for less than an hour). Again, hurricanes have a higher degree of predictability as compared with tornadoes since hurricanes can be detected with an advance period of three days as compared to tornadoes whose predictability period is normally less than thirty minutes (Ismail-Zadeh, 2018). Collectively, tornadoes have huge impacts within a short period of time while hurricanes have adverse impacts over a long period of time comparatively.

References

Birkmann, J. (2017). Urban and Spatial Planning in Natural Hazard Risk Management. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Natural Hazard Science. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199389407.013.8

Ismail-Zadeh, A. (2018). Earthquake Hazard Modelling and Forecasting for Disaster Risk Reduction. Seismic Hazard and Risk Assessment Springer Natural Hazards, 3-21. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-74724-8_1Palus, S. (2015). What Causes Extreme Hail, Tornadoes, and Floods in South America? Eos,96. doi:10.1029/2015eo029125

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