Innovative Dustbins Part II

The name of the innovation is called Innovative Dustbin. Innovative Dustbin will have separate slots for non-bio-degradable and bio-degradable waste system that contains a technological component that informs when the dustbin is about to fill. The aim is to champion environmental sustainability and ensuring eyesores associated with overflowing dustbins are removed from the streets/community. 

Value of Innovative Dustbin and Needs Met

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Innovative Dustbin would protect the community from communicable diseases such as cholera (Kaushal, Varghese & Chabukdhara, 2012). The overflowing dustbin and uncontrollable disposal system increases the chances in which community and society are exposed to health related complications. The solution is ensuring the waste and other unwanted materials are disposed correctly (Rada, Ragazzi & Fedrizzi, 2013). The use of Innovative Dustbin can achieve the goal since it provides mechanisms of messaging the collect on the amount of waste (Greco et al. 2015). The ability to close the lead effectively means that flies and other insects cannot enter the dustbin and spread diseases. It is preferable a better model compared to the traditional dustbin. In addition, the system can be developed in future to automatically shut the dustbin when left unclosed. All these strategies are aimed at reducing the potential of communicable diseases. 

The environment would be protected because of the sustainable measures in that it is easier to dispose the waste. The environment should be protected through implementing a system that is easier to dispose and the recyclable aspect (Greco et al. 2015). The design of the Innovative Dustbin has separate slots for non-bio-degradable and bio-degradable waste meaning it is easier to recycle some aspects such as plastic and glass materials. Furthermore, the bio-degradable waste can be used as manure (Longhi et al. 2012). These approaches mean that the amount of waste exposed or disposed to the environment decreases. In addition, the overall design means that the eyesore component in that people feels irritated seeing overflowing dustbin would end (Kaushal, Varghese & Chabukdhara, 2012). Therefore, the Innovative Dustbin provides a platform in which the environment and sustainability measures are championed (Catania & Ventura, 2014). It becomes easier for the public to protect the environment through choosing the appropriate slot and may also play a role in using the bio-degradable waste. 

Resources such as funds and time would be effectively be controlled because of the communication system that informs the municipality that the dustbin is about to fill (Longhi et al. 2012). The messaging and information sharing system can update the municipality and other stakeholders tied to the system to be aware of the presence of wastes. For example, the system is able to send periodic messages based on the volume of waste meaning that the responsible parties can plan when to dispose the waste materials (Rada, Ragazzi & Fedrizzi, 2013). The outcome is controlled funds and time in that the collection trucks would be used periodically with a specific purpose rather than going around the streets. In addition, the time is saved because it would be easier to pinpoint the filling dustbin (Ravindra, Kaur & Mor, 2015). In most, the municipality or government agency is usually tasked to collect the waste; it becomes easier to manage waste collection because of the automation system, which provides a platform for the saved resources to be used in other social obligations. 

The system can create or support discourse around climate change and protecting the environment. The visibility of the Innovative Dustbin can encourage the community and society continues discussing about best approaches to protect the environment. The design and operation would influence the people to seek alternative approaches to reduce amount of waste (Longhi et al. 2012). For example, a poster can be placed on top of the dustbin that shows strategies that can be employed in reducing waste (Kaushal, Varghese & Chabukdhara, 2012). Basic recycling at home can also be encouraged such as using plastic containers to store salt or even used in planting flowers. These strategies are aimed at reducing non-bio-degradable waste (Longhi et al. 2012). The same also applies to bio-degradable waste especially to those individuals with gardens. Composite manure can be created through accumulating the waste materials, which can then be used for cultivation purposes. All these approaches are aimed at improving awareness on environment protection and sustainability measures. 

Innovative Dustbin will have two separate slots for non-bio-degradable and bio-degradable waste system. The aim is to improve the disposal process and the potential of partnering with other stakeholders interested in the waste materials (Medvedev et al. 2015). For example, the bio-degradable materials can be used to generate energy through emission of gases while the non-bio-degradable materials can be used to create alternative products (Rada, Ragazzi & Fedrizzi, 2013). For example, plastics, metals and glasses can be melted and used to create other products (Ravindra, Kaur & Mor, 2015). The presence of the separate slots enables the users to appreciate the importance of grouping waste and ensuring the waste are disposed accordingly. The outcome is protection of the environment and ensuring healthiness of the society or community is championed. 

Implementation Plan

The following section analyses various factors that impacts the implementation of the project. Some of the factors discussed include budget considerations, resources, timeframe and contingencies and risks management. 

  • Budget Considerations

The following table summarizes the cost of the project. The initial costs are comparatively higher because of the unexpected but when large scale production is commenced, the cost would reduce.

ExpensesDescriptionCost
Salaries  
Employee incentive and benefitsThe employees will assign in the design objectives1000
Temporary laborFor technological expertise 300
Design softwareTo acquire the software or to use the laboratory/ workshop software100
Consultation incentiveTo provide mentorship and guidance in the design 200
Total 1600
Materials   
Pressure systemAcquisition of the technological components associated with the pressure/sensor system200
Materials for containerAcquisition of the technological components associated with the materials for the container100
PaintPainting the various containers in the right color depending on the degradability of waste100
BrandingSuch as printing the name Innovative Dustbin and contacts information100
Total 500
Processes Cost  
Testing 50
Making appropriate adjustments 50
Marketing 50
Consultation incentiveTo provide a review of the product before unveiling50
Unveiling cost 100
Total 300
   
Estimated total  2400
  • Resources

In designing and constructing Innovative Dustbin, various resources are required. The following are some of the resources and the reasons behind the importance of the resources towards completing the project:

  1. Human resource – the employees should have the right skills, knowledge and competencies. A combination of part time and consultative would provide mechanisms of designing and creating the Innovative Dustbin (Rada, Ragazzi & Fedrizzi, 2013). In addition, the human labor is required to continue supporting the project even after unveiling. 
  2. Material components – the design and construction requires various materials. Some of the materials include the power system, the sensor system, the message sending system, the materials for construction the containers and other components that supports the design of the Innovative Dustbin (Greco et al. 2015). Acquiring these various components is important in completing the project effectively. 
  3. Partnering and collaboration with stakeholders – an effective framework should exist in which the community and designer can engage. The platform should encourage effective exchange of ideas and the roles of each stakeholder are clearly presented and documented (Catania & Ventura, 2014). The aim is to reduce the potential of risks such as the municipality stating that they were not consulted (Medvedev et al. 2015). Hence, being on the same level of understanding and been aware of the steps taken would reduce risks and threats to the project. 
  4. Space for design, construction, testing and unveiling – the entire construction and design requires a dedicated space (Kaushal, Varghese & Chabukdhara, 2012). Obtaining the space requires some funding or private space such as garages can be used. Whether it is private or public space, there is a form of investment requirement. 
  • Timeframe 

The following table summarizes timeframe for the design and other various associated with the completion of the project.

 Week
Description12345678910
Research about the design          
Rough Drafts of the Design          
Collecting the Resources          
Finalizing the Design Based on the Available Resources          
Assembling the Pressure System          
Test the Model          
Building the Container Section          
Test the Container           
Painting the Container          
Assembling the Pressure System and the Container Section          
Testing the System          
Exposure the System to Simulated Weather Elements          
Exposing Innovative Dustbin to Operational Forces          
  • Contingencies and Risks Management 
    • Threats 

In analyzing the threats, it is important to consider the entire range of possible and probable threats that are present in the development of Innovative Dustbin. Obtaining the range of the threats provides avenues of developing appropriate strategies to address the problem. 

  • Risk Analysis Matrix (Probable Threats)

The table illustrates some of the threats that are likely to impact Innovative Dustbin and some of its system management. The treats are indicated by X and the more X indicates the most likely occurrence of the incident. 

Probability of occurrenceHighMediumLow
Technology optionsX
Potential marketX
Customer need X
Tuning the pressure/sensor system XX
Partnering and collaboration with stakeholdersX
Budgetary allocations: Is it enoughX
Timeframe requirement X
Community support X
Inefficiency of the system X
The technology does not meet the design objectives X
  • Solving Risks/Threats and Contingencies 

The following table summarizes some solutions and contingencies of threats identified:

Risk Contingency measure 
Technology optionsExtensive studies and research would be done to determine the availability of alternative technologies (Catania & Ventura, 2014). 
Potential marketThe market has to understand poor management of waste contributes to health issues and educating or creating awareness is important, which can tie in the potential market (Medvedev et al. 2015)
Customer need The needs of the customer are important and the solution is collecting the information from the prospective customer (Greco et al. 2015). The customer has to be informed and the customer would provide their respective perspective about the project. The collected information would then be used to improve the design requirement 
Tuning the pressure/sensor system The situation requires a high level of competency and expertise. For example, an expert is required to configure the system so that it can calculate the amount of waste and be able to automatically send the message to the municipality (Rada, Ragazzi & Fedrizzi, 2013). 
Partnering and collaboration with stakeholdersVarious stakeholders such as the customers, the community and the municipality have to be informed. These stakeholders would play an important role in educating other people on the role of the Innovative Dustbin and also support its implementation (Kaushal, Varghese & Chabukdhara, 2012). For example, municipality would be required to receive the message and collect the waste from the Innovative Dustbin. 
Budgetary allocations: Is it enoughThe employed approach in the creation of the budget is the most expensive components have been considered. In fact, the entire cost will be half the estimated cost. Therefore, potential problems associated with budget allocations are at a minimum (Medvedev et al. 2015). 
Timeframe requirement Extra time is provided but when issues occur, the time can be adjusted through compressing time allocated to sections. For example, the assembly of the pressure/sensor system and the construction of the container can be done at the same resulting in saving time. 
Community support The community may not support the project pointing to the expensive nature of the new design and the issues associated with change. The older generation community members may want status quo while the younger generation may like the newer design. The solution is educating and creating awareness from the beginning of the project to the end of the project. 
The technology does not meet the design objectives The system and the entire design may not meet the requirements of the project. For example, the container might be smaller or the system might not send the message in a timely manner. The community may lack understanding of the project. The solution is effective engagement and training. Furthermore, effective maintenance regime is crucial to ensure Innovative Dustbin meets its objectives. 

References

Catania, V., & Ventura, D. (2014, April). An approch for monitoring and smart planning of urban solid waste management using smart-M3 platform. In Open Innovations Association FRUCT, Proceedings of 15th Conference of (pp. 24-31). IEEE.

Greco, G., Allegrini, M., Del Lungo, C., Savellini, P. G., & Gabellini, L. (2015). Drivers of solid waste collection costs. Empirical evidence from Italy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 106, 364-371.

Kaushal, R. K., Varghese, G. K., & Chabukdhara, M. (2012). Municipal solid waste management in India-current state and future challenges: a review. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 4(4), 1473-1489.

Longhi, S., Marzioni, D., Alidori, E., Di Buo, G., Prist, M., Grisostomi, M., & Pirro, M. (2012, May). Solid waste management architecture using wireless sensor network technology. In New Technologies, Mobility and Security (NTMS), 2012 5th International Conference on (pp. 1-5). IEEE.

Medvedev, A., Fedchenkov, P., Zaslavsky, A., Anagnostopoulos, T., & Khoruzhnikov, S. (2015, August). Waste management as an IoT-enabled service in smart cities. In Conference on Smart Spaces (pp. 104-115). Springer, Cham.

Rada, E. C., Ragazzi, M., & Fedrizzi, P. (2013). Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies. Waste management, 33(4), 785-792.Ravindra, K., Kaur, K., & Mor, S. (2015). System analysis of municipal solid waste management in Chandigarh and minimization practices for cleaner emissions. Journal of Cleaner production, 89, 251-256.

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