Health Analysis of the People Living In Unionville

Functional Health Patterns Community Assessment Guide

To conduct comprehensive research, it is vital for a Functional Health Patterns Community Assessment Guide to be completed, as this is what will provide valuable information and data. These, in turn, will be used to draw conclusions that would be used to come up with the determination and recommendation of the research. This research will be conducted on the people living in Unionville, a place located in the state of Georgia, United States. 

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Section One: Profiling the population

Unionville is a census-designated place located in Tift County in the state of Georgia in the United States. In the last census that was conducted in the year 2000, the population was 2,074, and it is estimated that the population today ranges somewhere between 3,700 and 4,600 people. The people of this place is distributed as follows in terms of race: 0.9% Caucasian, 95.8% blacks, 0.3% Native Americans, and 2.2% Latinos (United States Census Bureau, 2019). Form the above statistics; it is evident that Unionville can be described as a predominantly black community. 

The 2000 census also showed that this town had 750 households and about 520 families. The population density was about 3,000 people per square mile. The region had about 900 housing units located at an area with an average of density of 1,145.9 per square mile (United States Census Bureau, 2019). Of the 750 households in the area, 32.3% had married couples, 30.5% had children who were under the age of 18 living; therefore, they were living at home with their parents or relatives. About 30.8% had female householder living alone and without a husband, while 30.5% were non-families (United States Census Bureau, 2019). The average household had a size of about four members, while the average family had about six members. The median household income and family income was $23,430 and $23,372, respectively. This is one of the lowest income rates in the whole of the United States. 

Age distribution

  • Pre-school children……………………….10.3%
  • School-age children and young people……37.7%
  • Adults……………………………………..33.6%
  • elderly people……………………………..18.4%

Gender ratio 

  • Male…………..47%
  • Female ………..53% 

The health status of the population

From the held in the local hospitals and government offices, it is evident that the people of this area are not healthy.

  • 34% of them are obese or overweight
  • 22 of them are battling lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and heart problems
  • About 12% can be described as disabled
  • 4% have been diagnosed with cancer
  • 7% have been described as having HIV/AIDS, and 80% of these are on anti-retroviral drugs

Sexuality-Reproductive Pattern

  • Boys become sexually active at the age of 18
  • Girls become sexually active at the young age of 14
  • This has led to an increase in teenage pregnancies in the region
  • The spread of sexually transmitted disease is high
  • There is a lack of enough supply of contraceptives in the area

Nutritional-Metabolic Pattern

  • Many people cannot afford a balanced healthy diet
  • Many eat fast foods from the local fast foods outlets in the region
  • A large percentage of children below the age of 15 are malnourished
  • This kind of foods has led to an increase in obesity and lifestyle diseases
  • These people need to be educated about the dangers of the foods they eat

Poverty prevalence

  • The unemployment rate is estimated to be about 35%
  • The median household income and family income was $23,430 and $23,372 respectively
  • This is considered to be the 17th lowest income in the whole of the united states
  • People cannot afford basic human needs such as food, housing, clothing, and medical care
  • There about 45 people who are homeless in the region

After conducting a comprehensive Functional Health Patterns Community Assessment Guide and collecting the above information and data, it would be very prudent to interview a medical doctor to get more information that can help conduct this research. The following question will be asked to the head of the local government hospital where all residents of Unionville go to seek medical attention when they are sick (Hall, 2015). 

The interview questions

  1. What is your name? 
    1. My name is Dr. Allan Schumer 
  2. What is your medical ranking, and what are some of your responsibilities in this hospital? 
  3. I am a doctor by profession, and I am the one tasked with treating all the patients that visit our facility
  4. How long have you worked in Unionville? 
  5. I will be completing my 8th year as a senior doctor in this hospital
  6. Tell me in general terms the health condition of your patients 
  1. I can state that the public health of the people of this region is poor than in many areas where I have worked. The people here are suffering from diseases and conditions that have been eradicated in the other areas of the United States. The prevalence rate of HIV/AIDS, for example, is higher here than the average prevalence rate of the country. Something needs to be done to help the people of this region improve their health. 
  2. Many other diseases afflict the people of this area. These people are susceptible to common colds and other pulmonary infections 
  3. How can you describe the lifestyle diseases affecting the people of Unionville? 
  4. I have noticed that people around here are becoming overweight and even obese. This has been caused by the poor diet the people of Unionville. An increase in the number of people who visit the hospital and are diagnosed with other lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart conditions, and cancers has been observed. This is a testament of the poor diets the people of Unionville take (DeFronzo, Ferrannini, Alberti, Zimmet, & Alberti, 2015).
  5. What do you advise most of your patients about their health? 
  6. Since most of these conditions are more than not caused by poor diet and lack of physical exercises, I always tell my patients to eat healthy foods and avoid fast foods that have high calories and start doing physical activities. I also advise them to practice safe sex at all times. 

Key findings from the interview and Functional Health Patterns Community Assessment Guide

From the above exercises, there are many key findings that one can draw from the data and the answers given by Dr. Allan Schumer during the interview. Firstly, blacks who many of them are struggling for basic need and services make up the population of Unionville. The unemployment rates, as well as the poverty rates, are very high. Most of the people living in the area are struggling to afford basic needs, such as food. That is why they are eating from fast foods outlets that offer cheap but hazardous foods. This poor diet has led to increasing of lifestyle diseases, and the government and other stakeholders need to start educating the people of Unionville about the importance of eating healthy foods (DeFronzo, Ferrannini, Alberti, Zimmet, & Alberti, 2015). This can help in saving many lives as well as improving the quality of lives these people enjoy.

References

DeFronzo, R. A., Ferrannini, E., Alberti, K. G. M. M., Zimmet, P., & Alberti, G. (Eds.).

(2015). Obesity in the United States. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons

Hall, J. E. (2015). Obesity and overweight in adolescents. Chicago, IL: Elsevier Health Sciences.

United States Census Bureau. (2019). The census in the united states. Retrieved from

https://www.census.gov/data.html

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