Energy balance

Energy balance is critical in the nutrition and metabolism activities in the body. In this paper, the study will mainly focus on energy balance in the body regarding food portions and energy intake modification. Imbalances between utilisation and intake of nutrients have an impact on body size. 

First, from a personal account when one eats a recommended portion size of food, there is no more hunger as the food is considerably too much. In this case, there is substantial evidence that in the last 30 years there has been a considerable increase in the packaging and portion sizes of foods. Notably, learning from the experience, it is important to understand energy balance components. However, due to the changes, the most surprising thing is that it has increased obesity incidences (Benton, 988-1004). 

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According to Capling (1313), a proper diet intake is important to an athlete due to energy requirement caused by physical activities. The energy intake is modified to enhance performance in sports according to the nature and intensity of the training involved. Generally, the athletes have a high requirement of energy to meet their expenditure. Moreover, assessment on a diet for the athletes is regularly undertaken by a nutritionist to ensure achievement of nutrition goals. Again, in sports nutrition, the measurement of energy intake can be done through food recording whereby an athlete records all the drinks and food they take for a specified period. However, the above measurement standard has limitations of burdening the participant in the documentation of the information which may be at times inaccurate due to difficulties in estimation or irregular taking of meals. Besides, portion sizes can be changed or modified through repackaging and sampling.

In conclusion, it is important to ensure there is energy balance in the body. Again there should be considered food intake that would balance energy requirement besides physical activities. In other words, the health practice would also help avoid lifestyle diseases such as obesity.

Work cited:

Benton, David. “Portion size: what we know and what we need to know.” Critical reviews in food science and nutrition 55.7 (2015): 988-1004.

Capling, Louise, et al. “Validity of Dietary Assessment in Athletes: A Systematic Review.” Nutrients 9.12 (2017): 1313.

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