Dixe\’s Daughter\’s. by Karen Cox

1.    The myth of the Lost Cause argues that women played a crucial role in memorializing the Confederacy. The myth of the Lost Cause was formed by women where they shaped both the political and social culture of the new South with the aim of memorialization and vindication of the southern heroes. The women deigned monuments, supervised the history of truthfulness, and polished new generation of the idyllic Old South to the whites from South. Through this, the UDC members transformed the military defeat into a cultural and political victory where they maintained the white supremacy and the state’s rights. The UDC followed the Confederate culture by vindicating their Confederate ancestors and educating the coming generations. 

2.    Confederate culture explores the symbols and the ideas that Lost Cause followers related to the former Confederacy. The UDC members based the beliefs and the images to the hierarchy of class and race which is a reflection of how the patrician viewed the Lost Cause leaders. The culture was founded on the historical memory of its believers who were mostly racists. Its symbols are monuments and flags which was a reminder to the new generation of just causes of the defeat of white supremacy and state’s rights. The objective of the Confederate culture is remembering the military in spite of their defeat as they fought for the state’s right which sustained the white supremacy. 

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3.    One American aspect not discussed in the book is men memorializing Southern women. The reason may be due to the women arguing such monuments portrayed them as weak. One of the reasons why this aspect was left out is because in the southern traditions, there were many crimes against Southern womanhood. The reason why this is not included in the discussion is because she wants to explore the actions of women in honoring the Confederate heroes who were men fighting the white supremacy. Although the women played a critical role, even men were not allowed to make monuments for women.

4.    The United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) which was founded in 1894 offered women a cultural and social outlet that allowed them to be part of progressive reform. The UDC was southern women who led the construction of the Lost Cause image.  The women were also able to vindicate the Confederate generation while upholding the values of their class and race. The Daughters memorized the dead Confederate soldiers by writing a history that transformed the Confederate from traitors to patriots. The group evolved and involved the northerner’s women who led to reconciliation between the south and the north. 

5.    The ‘new man’ had no interest to emulate their Confederate fathers where rather than being farmers, they were entrepreneurs. Their goal was to form a concrete foundation of their power rather than preserving the Confederate heritage. Unlike their fathers, majority of the New Men were more concerned about their own business and political success rather than the Confederate tradition. The difference between the New Men and their fathers is that they operated in varying worlds which was changed following Civil War. However, the New Men were criticized for abounding the agrarian past.  They had a different opinion of the Confederate men who according to them they were not heroes to be celebrated. 

6.    The women built the monument as a way of vindicating Confederate men as well as preserving the values of the Whites. The UDC raised money to erect monuments to Confederate soldiers. The Daughters guided the construction of different monument and fundraising. For example, Janet Randolph led the fundraising for Davis monument which was used to remind the veterans that they failed to honor and build a monument for the Confederate president after promising to assist. Also, UDC members from Virginia Texas erected monuments where they published the pro-southern histories to portray the state and the local heroes. 

7.    The concept of benevolence is applied by UDC in their operation where their actions are directed to the good of its people during the era. In this case, the UDC creates the monuments to memorize heroes of the time. The UDC influenced the progressivism within the organization, where the women assisted the Confederate generation and their families. This was by the provision to the elderly, widows, and the indigent veterans. In addition, the act of benevolence included assisting the descendant’s young men and women. Cox explains that providing education to these individuals to act as teachers of the region was more than an act of benevolence (73). 

8.    Through the monuments, the UDC tells the history that their ancestors are the true inheritors and interpreters of the founding of the U.S. Constitution and the Fathers’ revolutionary legacy. They applied symbols for Confederate culture to educate white children about the vulnerabilities of the Old South. Also, UDC illustrates the aspect of history through the transformation of Confederates from traitors to patriots. Although there is few biographical information of the time, the many manuscripts across the society have a lot of information to crate portraits. This history was taught children to educate them on the venerable traditions and alleged glories of the Old South. 

9.    The role of the UDC was to vindicate Confederate heroes. However, they were against selection reconciliation with those from North where for example Raines commented that reconciliation to the South was far more than sectional reconciliation. Nonetheless, after the UDC succeeded in redefining that the Confederate men defended the constitutional principle, there was reconciliation. There were varying issues concerning reconciliation but after the Daughters succeeded on the redefinition of the image of Confederate men in the defensive of the constitutional principle. At the time, both the southerners and the northerner understood the impact of the Confederate’s success. 

10.    The southerners defended the constitutional right by fighting the civil war. The Northerners joined the southerners to express pride due to the pains from civil war. However, the success led to the stripping of the African American of their civil rights where they became second class citizens. Besides, the UDC played a crucial role in the aspect in the support of the racial status quo. For example, a study carried by John Dittme a Mississippi historian argued that majority of the whites following the Lost Cause myths still believed in the aspect of Reconstruction. In addition, the council and the UDC members had differing opinion where for example, the UDC desired to protect the southern youths from historical bias while the council argued that students required protection from egalitarianism.

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