Cancer can be defined as the abnormal growth of body cells from a particular body region, which has the ability to spread and invade other parts of the body. Cancer is the leading cause of deaths in the United States, and it is high time measures are taken to help protect people from the scourge of cancer. One primary cancer that affects both men and women is colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is also known as colon or bowel cancer and it occurs when there is the development of cancer in the rectum and colon. This cancer affects both men and women at any age of their lives, but it is more prevalent when one reaches the age of 45 and above (Cash, 2016). For this reason, it is essential for society to understand the attributes of this cancer so that the elderly can be educated on how they can take care of themselves to avoid being victims. This can be attained through early screening because this is the only way cancer can be detected early making it possible for it to be treated successfully.
To help society understand the best method that can be used to help detect cancer early and help save lives, it would be essential to develop an infographic with all the necessary information (Kim, 2015). This can help people, and more so the people at risk of getting this type of cancer have a good understanding of the measures and steps to take to ensure they are screened as required.
The infographic image gives useful information about systematic steps that should be taken by risk group in the screening process of colorectal cancer. The infographic representation is titled 2018 Colorectal Cancer Screening Guideline for Men and Women at average Risk.
The infographic representation has three main sections where each section gives detailed instructions on what an individual undergoing Colorectal Cancer Screening should be done to get accurate results and avoid misdiagnosis. The first section provides three categories in terms of age and with instructions on how they should do their Colorectal Cancer Screening process. The first category is for people aged between the ages of 45 and 75 years (Anderson & Kahi, 2015). Studies have shown that even though Colorectal Cancer can affect people of all ages, most people are susceptible to it once they reach the age of 45 years. That is the main reason why this infographic representation starts by stating that the first group of people who should go for Colorectal Cancer Screening should be the people falling between the ages of 45 and 75. These people are advised to speak to their doctors on the various screening methods open to them and decide on the best screening method that should be used.
The second group of people that should go for Colorectal Cancer Screening is the people aged between the ages of 75 and 85 years old. This group of people should talk to their doctors whether they should continue with the screening (Anderson & Kahi, 2015). When deciding on whether to continue screening or not, one should consider several factors such as their lifestyles, their Colorectal Cancer Screening history, their overall health, and their personal preferences as to whether they want to continue undergoing the screening or they want to do away with the process. The decision should be made with the interest of the patient. No patient should be coerced to undergo screening if they do not want to continue with the procedures anymore.
The third group of people discussed in this infographic is people aged 85 years of age and above. This group of people is advised not to undergo any Colorectal Cancer Screening as they do not have any chance of contracting Colorectal Cancer once they reach that age.
The second segment of the infographic presentation seeks to educate people about the Colorectal Cancer Screening options that are open to them if they choose to undergo the process. The first option discussed is the stool-based test that aims to look at signs of cancer the stool of the person experiencing the test. The second option open to the people is the visual exams and requires doctors to do CT Colonography or a colonoscopy (Anderson & Kahi, 2015). This method will allow the doctor to look at the colon and rectum of the patient for any signs of cancer. These two methods are the primary screening methods that have been discussed, they are all accurate methods, and no matter the process chosen, the results are bound to be accurate.
The third segment of the infographic presentation appears like a warning to all the people who will read the infographic material. It states that all positive results on noncolonscopy screening should be followed by a colonoscopy to complete the Colorectal Cancer Screening process. This is very important as it helps to confirm if there is cancer or not and the measures that should be taken to cure the disease if it is positive.
Anderson, J., & Kahi, C. (2015). Colorectal Cancer. New York, NY: Springer Science &
Cash, B. (2016). Colorectal Cancer Screening and Computerized Tomographic Colonography:
A Comprehensive Overview. New York, NY: Springer Science & Business Media.
Kim, K. (2015). Early Detection and Prevention of Colorectal Cancer. New York, NY: Springer
Science & Business Media.
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