Children’s Rights

Introduction

For a long time, the issue of Child’s rights has attracted the attention of different stakeholders, especially the United Nations. This points out to the fact that Children’s rights are a global societal issue that needs to be continuously addressed. Among the most vocal rules on Childs Rights by the United Nations was through the adoption of the United Nations General Assembly of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This is a special document that provides the universal standards of care, treatment, and protection of children and has been ratified by 193 countries. The convention defines a child as any individual under the age of 18 years. The rights provided under the UN convention are intertwined and all equally important. Among the rights provided in the convention include the right to live, right to a name, right to an identity, right to live with the parents, right for an opinion, right to choose religion and beliefs, right to privacy, right to information essential for their well-being, and other rights meant to promote the well-being of the children. The UN asserts that it is the responsibility of all adults to do what is best for the children. It also places the responsibility of upholding the child’s right to the family and the government. The issue of Children’s Rights continues to be a global societal problem that can be addressed through global campaigns and awareness initiatives to promote the Children’s Rights in the current digital era.

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Annotated Bibliography

Livingstone, S., & Bulger, M. (2014). A global research agenda for children’s rights in the digital age. Journal of Children and Media8(4), 317-335.

This article highlights how the fast-developing information and communication technology (ICT) environment is affecting the children’s lives both on the positive and negative sides. This changing ICT environment has affected the condition of Children’s rights in high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries. This justifies the Children’s Rights as a global societal issue that needs to be addressed. The article highlights how the children’s social environment has extended from physical and moved to the digital environment, which is likely to impact on almost all aspects of their lives. The paper identifies the challenge posed by the fast-changing, highly complex, and transnational nature of the socio-technological infrastructures to the national policymakers. This article will be relevant for the research paper as it provides information on how the internet and other social media platform have introduced problems to the fulfillment of the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child. It highlights how the internet has provided new grounds for the proliferation of sexual exploitation, bullying, and exposure to pornography, which are violations of children’s rights. It highlights how the children’s attachment to the internet start with basic activities but later escalates to include more creative, interactive, and participatory activities. 

Barrett, D. (2017). The Child’s Right to Protection from Drugs: Understanding History to Move Forward. Health and human rights19(1), 263-268.

This article highlights how the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is the sole core of UN human rights treaties that points out a human right to offer protection from drugs. This is highlighted by article 33 comprised of two clauses – on drug use and involvement in drug trade. The article provides a history of how the Child’s Rights has progressed in an attempt to offer protection from drugs. The article indicates the role of nations in the obligation of offering protection to children from drugs and other arising obligations to control drugs. The article explores the development of the international drug control and child rights systems and aims at highlighting the historical events that may have affected the current norms. The historical perspective of the children’s rights protection discussed in this paper goes all the way back to 1909. This implies that the article will provide a broad-based information for the research paper on the evolution of children’s rights in the protection of children from drugs and drugs related activities. The article reveals how the political environment has helped shape the right of protection from drugs. The article is relevant for the current research paper as it discusses the Article 33 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Child.

Barthloet, E. (2003). The challenge of children’s rights advocacy: problems and progress in the area of child abuse and neglect. Whittier J. Child. & Fam. Advoc.3(2), 215-230.

The article represents a lecture to the Center for Children’s Rights. The article reveals how the children’s rights get in conflicts with the interest of the other groups. Titled as “The Challenge of Children’s Rights,” it highlights the plight of the children who are described as being children, vote-less and largely voiceless, and relatively powerless. The article notes that the United States is among the nations that have refused to adopt the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The article discusses the parental autonomy vs. the state as parens’ patriae. Among the key issue identified in the article is the “Family Autonomy,” which is described as touching mainly on parental autonomy as opposed to child autonomy. The author highlights the roles that the states need to play in promoting children’s rights. These include early intensive intervention and late-stage intervention. A key challenge experienced in the United States is on the nature of the traditional value system that places a lot of emphasis on the parental autonomy. This, the author explains, is the main reason why U.S. has not approved the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The article is relevant to the research as it makes a comparison of child rights systems across the world ranging from United States, Europe, and South Africa. It thus reveals how significant the issue of Children’s Rights is a global societal issue.

Srivastava, K. (2011). Child labor issues and challenges. Industrial psychiatry journal20(1), 1-3.

The article recognizes that children are the future Citizens of the nation and thereby a top priority of a country. This aligns with Nelson Mandela’s quote that the indicator of society’s souls is in the manner in which it treats its children. The article discusses child labor as one of the vices that undermine the Children’s rights. The paper identifies that child labor is a violation of human rights and in contravention of article 32 of the Convention Rights of the Child. Child labor is defined as work that deprives the children of their childhood, their potential, dignity, and exerts harm to their physical-mental development. Child labor is noted as a major concern in many parts of the world. The industries that have been noted to mainly engage child labor include agriculture, fisheries, livestock, and forestry. The article discusses the laws on child labor, forms of child labor, and the consequences of child labor. This article will be very informative to the research topics in terms of child labor, as a contravention against the children’s rights. 

Mathews, B., & Collin-Vézina, D. (2016). Child sexual abuse: Raising awareness and empathy is essential to promote new public health responses. Journal of public health policy37(3), 304-314.

This article involves a discussion on child sexual abuse as a major global public concern that is noted to affect one in every eight children and causing huge costs such as depression, unwanted pregnancy, and HIV. The magnitude of the issue has seen the United Nation respond to this in the Sustainable Development Goals. The article highlights the challenges that the policymakers face in dealing with child sexual abuse. This is because child sexual abuse is hidden, psychologically complex, and socially sensitive. The article is relevant to the current study as it offers the ideas for international advances and insights on the possible strategies stretching across different disciplines such as public health, medicine, social science, psychology, and neurology. This highlights how important the children’s rights are as a global societal issue. This has seen the international and national communities acknowledge the urgency in the need for governments and policymakers to prevent, identify and deal with child sexual abuse as a violation of children’s right.

References

Barrett, D. (2017). The Child’s Right to Protection from Drugs: Understanding History to Move Forward. Health and human rights19(1), 263-268.

Barthloet, E. (2003). The challenge of children’s rights advocacy: problems and progress in the area of child abuse and neglect. Whittier J. Child. & Fam. Advoc.3(2), 215-230.

Livingstone, S., & Bulger, M. (2014). A global research agenda for children’s rights in the digital age. Journal of Children and Media8(4), 317-335.

Mathews, B., & Collin-Vézina, D. (2016). Child sexual abuse: Raising awareness and empathy is essential to promote new public health responses. Journal of public health policy37(3), 304-314.Srivastava, K. (2011). Child labour issues and challenges. Industrial psychiatry journal20(1), 1-3

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