Before we can begin to understand broad spectrum CBD, there is need for a bit of back story. See there is full spectrum CBD and then there is cbd is CBD isolate. Broad spectrum is sort of the middle ground. A best of both worlds kind of thing.
Full Spectrum CBD
This is a full bodied extract. It contains all the elements in the cannabis plant. Both known and unknown. Everything from cannabinoids to flavonoids and terpenes. It comes with many benefits but also has a down side. This is perfect for anyone who does not have to worry about drug tests. Or one who does not have a problem with any of the elements. This is also preferred by cannabis veterans. People who have been on the field for a while and will not freak out once it kicks in.
With full spectrum CBD you will benefit from the entourage effect. See all the cannabis compounds work in synergy to provide a wide range of benefits for the user. The come together in harmony. A study done in 2015 revealed that full spectrum was superior to isolate due to the entourage effect. It was found to be more effective on inflammation in laboratory mice than isolate. The entourage effect was introduced in 1998 by Mechoulam and Shabat. Two Israeli scientists whose names are sprinkled all over CBD and cannabis medicinal history. Their findings affirm the truth behind the entourage effect.
The downside is THC. THC is not all bad actually. It has some significant health benefits. However, it cannot be administered to children. It also shows up in drug tests. It induces psychoactivity. May cause red dry eyes. It lowers the blood pressure therefore causing the vessels to dilate hence the redness. This is usually a telltale sign that someone is high. The dreaded cotton mouth is a common side effect. THC mirrors some physiological processes which lead to decreased production of saliva. THC can also be quite addictive. It messes with pleasure related neurotransmitters. The risk of addiction to cannabis is dependant on level and consistency of THC use among other factors.
This is purely CBD. Nothing more nothing less. This is usually at a purity of 99% and above. Some brands may allow for abut 0.3% of other elements in the isolate but other than that it is purely cannabidiol. This is best used as an additive. It is great in edibles and beverages. It would also work well when making homemade CBD products like salve and such.
The biggest advantage of isolate is its application to people who are either uncomfortable or unable to use any traces of THC. One can rest easy knowing they have none of that in their system. This can be administered comfortably to children without fear of effects. See, THC can cause respiratory issues and even seizures in children. With an isolate, this is not a risk.
The down side is the lack of entourage effect. It lacks all other wonderful cannabis elements that contribute to the synergy. CBD is all by its lonesome. Therefore the benefits are limited to only its capabilities.
So, science banded together and formed broad spectrum CBD. It is all the benefits of both full spectrum and isolate put together with none of the black sheep of the bunch. THC is removed from the equation. This way, you still get the entourage effect but none of the psychoactivity that comes with having THC in your system.
There are two ways of deriving broad spectrum CBD. The first is more common because it is cheaper and easier. Take the CBD isolate and add back isolates of the desired elements. This is however, not termed real broad spectrum CBD. It is merely a cocktail of cannabis elements. This is because there is no way to add back value in ratios that mimic the natural existence. It may work but the benefits will be milder than the alternative.
The High Road
The alternative is by use of a special chromatography media to process out the THC. Some experiments were done to determine the method that derives the best possible results. The first method used a linear gradient with water-ethanol as solvents. Reversed phase flash chromatography was done. There was a separation but some valuable cannabis elements were also washed away. The experiment was tried again, this time with a step gradient. Half the amount of solvents was used and better results were derived.
The point here is, it is possible to filter out only THC. You might lose a bit of flavonoids and terpenes in the process but it may be worth it. This process is currently quite complicated and there is need of in-depth knowledge of solvents. Thus, this should not be tried at home.
Guide to Buying Broad Spectrum CBD
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