Comparing Creationism to Evolution Theory
The story of creation and evolution has brought a heated debate as scientists and Christians argue whose theory supports the existence of life today. On one hand, religious groups believe that all the creations were the result of divine intervention from a superior being. On the other hand, scientists such as Charles Darwin put the theory of evolution to explain how most creatures evolved from simple creatures into the complex creatures they are today. In support, evidence indicates that the earth was truly formed through a natural process that has been described by scientists as they have provided enough geological and fossil evidence dating millions of years to support their claim. Importantly, some religious groups feel that the claims by the scientists are not all false, and as a result, they have used these theories to supplement their beliefs.
The story of creation is the belief that a superior being with divine power created everything. For instance, Christians have two theories explaining the creation process. Young Earth creationism concept is based on the scripture in the book of Genesis that states, God created all forms of life, around 10,000 years ago(BBC, 2014). The Christianity stand is that God created everything in a systematic sequence within six days. His special creations were humans that He created in his own image and likeness, and with an immortal soul. On the contrary, the theory of evolution brings out a different picture from the story of creation. Paleontologists of this theory have used fossils of different organisms that lived in the past and are now extinct to show that they are different in form from the living ones. Evolution theorists have also found fossils of hominins that back to 7 million years, indicating the primate had a similar structure to species evolved into humans (Ayala, 2018). The proponents of this theory argue that life starts from a simple form then evolved into complex form, and in this case, humans started from Australopithecus to the complex Homo sapiens.
The second form of creationism is the Old Earth process. It takes a deviating stand from the normal fiat creation. It holds that God did not create everything in six days like the fiat concept of creation. The proponents say that the creation process was systematic and took a long period throughout history and God played an active role in the whole process. It also holds that the world is as old as 4 billion years (BBC, 2014). God still plays a crucial role in the creation process even though over a period may be running into millions of years. Scientists have used radiometric dating to date the world to have been formed some 4.5 billion years ago. Scientists found out that evolution occurs in a progressive and non-repetitive way from simple organisms to more complex forms over time, dating back to millions of years (Ayala, 2018). Evolution is a continuous non-stop process that takes place even currently to alter the geological and morphological process of plants and animals. The Old Earth creationism compares to the scientific method in that both acknowledge a process that takes place over time and not like fiat creation that took six days.
Some religious groups have opted to use both scientific and religious theories to supplement the creation story. Young Earth creationism explains the six days creation process where God creates all forms of life some 10,000 years ago. Scientists, on the other hand, believe that the earth is as old as 4.5 billion years and that fossil evidence supports this claim. Old Earth creationism says that creation took substantial time dating back several years but with God’s divine intervention. It acknowledges the scientific stand that it was a long process and not an event; it even approves scientist 4.5 billion years of earthly existence.
The debate on whether businesses should be held responsible for the environmental impacts that communities experience has proven difficult to answer. The current capitalist society is based on profit maximization while greatly cutting down on the cost of productions. While it is important to live in a safe and clean environment for communities, it would be unfair for businesses to incur the entire cost of environmental restoration. Environmental regeneration is expensive and kills most businesses leaving communities without an economic source.
Putting a lot of pressure on businesses to hold a high standard of environmental regulation has led to the shutting down of some firms. The result of this shut down has been massive job losses and in case they do not shut down, many employees are retrenched. According to Gray (2015), “Environmental regulations, intended to protect human health and the environment, generally result in higher production costs and lower productivity in firms.” With decreased production, many firms relocate to areas where there is less-stringent regulation and this affects the community, as the source of income for them is gone. Social amenities provided by these firms like community hospitals also shut down for lack of enough funding.
Most companies comply with the regulatory requirement that allows them to write a report about their discharge. The State writes most of these permits so it would be wrong to demonize these businesses. Gray (2015) affirms that “, each plant that discharges into navigable waters requires a permit for those discharges.” Therefore, these firms indeed have the backing of law in their discharge and hence should not the demonized by the community activist who may be anti-developmental.
Businesses interest should be safeguarded to continue benefiting communities. Stringent environmental measures increase production and prevents relocations from firms, which creates unemployment. Most firms also have permits for discharging waste but still being attacked by communal activists who are determined more in their shutting down at the expense of economic gains.
Ayala, F. J. (2018, September 26). Evolution | Theory, Examples, & Facts. Retrieved from www.britannica.com/science/evolution-scientific-theory#ref49845
BBC. (2014). BBC – Religions – Christianity: Creationism and intelligent design. Retrieved from www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/creationism_1.shtml
Gray, W. B. (2015, September). Environmental Regulations and Business Decisions. Retrieved from wol.iza.org/uploads/articles/187/pdfs/environmental-regulations-and-business-decisions.pdf
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