The boiling point of a compound is influenced by the intermolecular forces of attraction. Trimethylamine is a tertiary amine, where all hydrogens in an ammonia molecule are normally replaced by hydrocarbon groups. 1-Hexanamine is a primary amine, which can form hydrogen bonds with each other, as well as, van der Waals dispersion forces and dipole-dipole interactions.
The boiling point of a compound is influenced by the intermolecular forces of attraction. More strong intermolecular forces imply that more energy will be needed to break it and hence have a higher boiling point. Since propanal and 1-propanal have the same molecular weight, the difference in boiling point is caused by the functional groups. 1-propanol is alcohol and has stronger intermolecular hydrogen bonds due to the presence of polar O-H bond. On the other hand, propanol is an aldehyde, which does not have a polar O-H, hence do not form a strong intermolecular hydrogen bond. This is the main reason for the difference in boiling point between propanol and 1-propanol.
Stearic acid is contained of all single bonds and thereby referred to as saturated fat. On the other hand, linoleic acid, omega-3 fatty acid, is a polyunsaturated fat because of the presence of two double bonds between the carbon atoms. Stearic acid has a higher melting point than linoleic because of the difference in the structure. The presence of the double bonds in linoleic acid leads to the formation of a kink, which prevents the molecules from being tightly packed, unlike the structure of stearic acid whose molecules are tightly packed and hence the difference in melting point.
Amides are commonly found in antibacterial, which may include sulfonamides, phosphoramides, carboxamaide, penciline, paracetamol, acetamide, hexamine, propanamide, and benzenesulfonamide. The common features of amides include; they are soluble in, have an aromatic smell, physical appearance includes white and magenta colors; and has a melting point of 30 degrees. The mechanism of action includes inhibiting cell wall and cell membrane synthesis and killing of infectious microorganisms that cause a specific disease. In their action against the cell membrane, the amides are known to act by disrupting the electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation.
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