Annotated Bibliography on Legal Issues

Meylaerts, R. (2011). Translational Justice in a Multilingual World: An Overview of Translational Regimes. Meta: Journal Des Traducteurs, 56(4), 743. doi: 10.7202/1011250ar

This article explores the translational justice in the multilingual world by exploring on translational regions. The author bases his argument on the multifaceted issue of communication by exploring some of the challenges facing contemporary multilingual societies in relation to language policies. He attains his objective is that he explores the core role of translation by identifying some of the territoriality and translational regimes followed by the authority to translate with multilingual societies. According to its conclusion, the article explains that there currently lacks a linguistic and translational territoriality regime that results in social cohesion, participatory citizenship, and integration. It calls for the need to formulate legal rules that constrain and forbid translation among immigrants and minorities, which makes this article a significant scholarly source for the upcoming study. 

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Drake, E., Aos, S., & Miller, M. (2009). Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Crime and Criminal Justice Costs: Implications in Washington State. Victims & Offenders4(2), 170-196. doi: 10.1080/15564880802612615

The article starts by explaining the research problem, which is the need to increase prison beds in Washington. However, the authors identify that constructing additional prison in Washington is expensive, which calls for the need for an evidence-based option that will reduce the need for future prison beds in the coming years. Through a systematic review, the authors identify that the need for more prisons in the future can be eliminated through effective prevention programs, juvenile corrections programs, and adult corrections programs to lower crime rates. To measure the effectiveness of these programs, the authors conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the programs to prevent crimes. This article is significant as it evaluates the significance of prevention programs in terms of cost. 

Grosso, C. M., & O’Brien, B. (2011). A Stubborn Legacy: The Overwhelming Importance of Race in Jury Selection in 173 Post-Batson North Carolina Capital Trials. Iowa L. Rev.97, 1531.

The article commences by an explanation on the importance of race in jury selection, which has been explored through the effectiveness of the North Carolina Racial Justice Act of 2009 (“RJA”).  This is argued on the likelihood of minorities based on color particularly blacks who are at 2.5 higher rates in death penalties. Racial bias was identified as one of the challenges that led to such discrepancies between the blacks and whites in the criminal justice systems. This was exemplified by exploring on the stubborn legacy of race in jury selection, which they base with Swain v. Alabama Court that argued on the exclusion of black jury by selecting based on an individual and not on race. They evaluated race-neutral factors in justifications for strike decisions.

Helppie-Schmieder, B. (2015). Toxic confinement: Can the eighth amendment protect prisoners from human-made environmental health hazards. Nw. UL Rev.110, 647.

Helppie-Schmieder explores the impact of the increased incarceration and cell conditions as it relates to the Eighth Amendment. Prisoners are at risk of human-made environmental health hazards. The author explains that the Eighth Amendment provides that exposing inmates to health risks is unconstitutional but it fails to explore the aspect of human-made environmental health hazards. This is what forms the research foundation for this article. The article explores some legal standards for unconstitutional prison cells conditions, as well as the environmental issues that surround cells. Although not directly indicated in the Eighth Amendment, the article provides that the aspects of human-made environmental health hazards are part of the claims in the amendment.

Roberts, A. (2012). (Re)forming the Jury: Detection and Disinfection of Implicit Juror Bias. Seattle University School of Law Digital Common.

Roberts explains that there is a need for a fairer jury system to ensure fair judgments and ruling. He explains this by stating that the jurors have both conscious and unconscious bias, which he explains following the Implicit Association Test (IAT). The reason for choosing this article is due to its exploration of the challenges relating to a system for selecting fair jurors. It has provided a deep exploration of explicit and implicit attitudes that may result to snap judgment. One method that the author suggests for the courtroom is the “race-switching” instruction where juror can attempt to switch the race of the participants to get a fair judgment. This article will form a baseline for the final assignment. 

References

Drake, E., Aos, S., & Miller, M. (2009). Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Crime and Criminal Justice Costs: Implications in Washington State. Victims & Offenders4(2), 170-196. doi: 10.1080/15564880802612615

Grosso, C. M., & O’Brien, B. (2011). A Stubborn Legacy: The Overwhelming Importance of Race in Jury Selection in 173 Post-Batson North Carolina Capital Trials. Iowa L. Rev.97, 1531.

Helppie-Schmieder, B. (2015). Toxic confinement: Can the eighth amendment protect prisoners from human-made environmental health hazards. Nw. UL Rev.110, 647.

Meylaerts, R. (2011). Translational Justice in a Multilingual World: An Overview of Translational Regimes. Meta: Journal Des Traducteurs, 56(4), 743. doi: 10.7202/1011250arRoberts, A. (2012). (Re)forming the Jury: Detection and Disinfection of Implicit Juror Bias. Seattle University School of Law Digital Common.

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