Adulthood and Mental Disorders

Abstract
As the life expectancy of man increases, the number of people living into adulthood keeps on increasing. This increase in the number of adult population leads to a large number of people suffering from psychological problems. Psychological issues affecting adults in society have been on the rise over the last two decades. This paper will analyze different aspects of the effect of psychological problems in adults and then come up with recommendations on what should be done to prevent the increasing rate of this issue.

Adulthood and Mental Disorders
Introduction
As people grow and age into adulthood, their bodies start to become weak, and they start being susceptible to health concerns. Much research has been done on the physical health conditions affecting adults, and this has led to the establishment of sound health systems that can cope with the physical health concerns impacting on adults. However, not much has been done regarding the issue of mental health concerns that affect people as they grow into adulthood despite this being one of the significant health issues affecting people as they age into adulthood. Adults are faced with major psychological health issues that negatively impact the quality of the lives they lead.
For this reason, governments and other stakeholders in the health industry need to come up with measures ad systems that would ensure that the psychological problems suffered by adults affecting adults. The main objective of this research paper is to do an in-depth analysis of the psychological problems affecting adults. To attain this, the paper analyzes five journal articles that discuss several different aspects of the subject matter of psychological issues affecting adults in society.
Main discussion
The first study is titled Prevalence and stability of mental disorders among young adults: findings from a longitudinal study and it is done by Kristin Gustavson among other scholars in the field of psychology. Gustavson, et al. (2018) postulate that the mental disorders people suffer from in their adulthood start manifesting themselves when they are younger. The study shows that a person who suffers from any mental issues in their adolescent ages or when they are below the age of 25 they may end up suffering from different kind of mental problems in their adulthood. The authors of this article go on to argue that the common mental disorders that people suffer in their early ages are easy to prevent and treat.
For this reason, it would be very prudent to treat these disorders when they appear early as this is one of the best ways that can help reduce the higher rate of psychological problems in adults (Gustavson et al., 2018). Children that are at higher risk of suffering mental issues should be monitored keenly to ensure once they start showing symptoms of mental problems such as anxiety, depression, and bipolar condition they are given help as soon as possible. This would help in reducing the number of adults surfing from mental issues.
In the second article that is titled The global prevalence of common mental disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis 1980–2013, Zachary Steel and other scholars in the field of psychology and mental health discuss the increasing rates of people suffering from mental health in their adulthood. These researchers did comprehensive research on the prevalence of mental disorders in adults for 33 years. The results were bleak as they showed that one in every five adults across the world suffers from one mental health or another. Steel et al. (2014) found out that mental disorders in adulthood affect both the rich and the poor indiscriminately. However, the issue affected men and women differently. While women are more likely to be affected by depression and mood swing disorders, men are more likely to suffer from alcohol abuse disorder and anxiety. The authors state that to be able to fight the issue of psychological problems successfully, it would be necessary for researchers to find out why some people are more susceptible to these diseases. This is very vital in that it will help psychologists have a deeper understanding of these issues; hence, they will be able to know how best to tackle them.
The third peer-reviewed article is titled Mental Health in Emerging Adulthood by Jennifer L. Tanner. In this article, Tanner (2015) starts by stating that mental health issues have been on the increase over the last few decades on nearly all societies across the globe. The main reason for this increase can be traced back to the increased pressure of life today and the increased intake of alcohol and drugs by many people. Tanner goes on to argue that the most critical point of growing up in the early twenties and this is the point when most people suffer from mental issues, and if they are not treated early enough, they persist as they grow into different levels of adulthood. Tanner (2015) goes on to state that it is essential for all people showing signs of mental issues at this age, to be considered as people who are bound to surfer have mental health issues who should be monitored keenly and to ensure they do not fall victim to these diseases. Tanner (2015) argues that failure to treat mental health issues early can lead to significant health issues like suicide and depression.
The fourth article this research paper will review is titled Clarifying Associations between Childhood Adversity, Social Support, Behavioral Factors, and Mental Health, Health, and Well-Being in Adulthood: A Population-Based Study by Mashhood A. Sheikh, Birgit Abelsen, and Jan A. Olsen. The authors state that there is a high correlation between childhood adversities and mental health issues in adulthood. Sheikh, Abelsen, & Olsen (2016) argue that people that went through bad and terrible childhood are more bound to suffer from mental health problems in their adulthood than children who were born and brought up in a loving home. They go on to postulate that many criminals that commit terrible and violent crimes such as rapes and serial killings tend to come from homes that did not afford them a pleasant environment where they could grow up like healthy children. For this to stop the high rate of mental health issues in adults, children need to be provided with an enjoyable environment where they are shown love and guided into growing up to be reasonable and responsible adults.
The fifth and the last Prevention of Mental Disorder in Older Adults: Recent Innovations and Future Directions by Amanda Leggett and Steven H. Zarit. Legget & Zarit (2014) start by stating that older adults today suffer from many mental health issues that range from depression, dementia, bipolar condition, and anxiety and these conditions make it very hard for this segment of the population to lead quality lives. They go on to state that the best way to treat these mental issues is through psychotherapy as this field has gone through significant developments. Today like never before, psychologists have the skills, tools, and medication that they can use to treat different mental disorders affecting the aged in society. People that are suffering from mental issues such as anxiety, panic attacks, and depression can easily be diagnosed, and treatment plans for them developed. The implementation of this plan is more likely to succeed in treating them, making it possible for these people to live a very healthy life.
Conclusion
From the above discussion, most of these articles point to the fact that most mental problems in adulthood can be traced back to when an individual was young or when they were entering into adulthood at the ages of 20 to 25. This is a very critical time, and mental issues appearing at this time should be taken seriously and treated early. This is vital in that they can stop these conditions from metamorphosing into more complex mental issues. Issues such as anxiety and mood swings should not be treated lightly. Anyone exhibiting these symptoms should seek medical attention and have the conditions treated. This can go a long way in reducing the high rate of mental health issues affecting adults in the world today.

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References
Gustavson, k, et al. (2018). Prevalence and stability of mental disorders among young adults:
findings from a longitudinal study. BMC Psychiatry volume 18, Article number: 65 (2018).
Legget, A., & Zarit, S. (2014). Prevention of Mental Disorder in Older Adults: Recent
Innovations and Future Directions. Generations. 2014 Fall; 8(3): 45–52.
Tanner, J. (2015). Mental Health in Emerging Adulthood. Psychology, Developmental
Psychology. Volume 33, Issue 2, August 2015, Pages 365–385.
Steel, Z., et al. (2014). The global prevalence of common mental disorders: a systematic review
and meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 43, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages 476–493.
Sheikh, M., Abelsen, B., & Olsen, J. (2016). Clarifying Associations between Childhood
Adversity, Social Support, Behavioral Factors, and Mental Health, Health, and Well-Being in Adulthood: A Population-Based Study. Front Psychol. v.7; 2016.

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